Leonardo’s Da Vinci’s Water Study

About 500 years ago, Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) recorded ideas about vortices based on his experiments with water. In fact, the subject of water, hydrology, and hydraulics made up a large part of Leonardo’s lifetime study. As a matter of historic note – more of Da Vinci’s writings were devoted to the subject of water than any other subject. The existence of water and its vortices intrigued Da Vinci, prompting him to speculate about the existence and behavior of vortices in the air and cosmos. The power and meaning of vortices in water also led him to closely study the behavior of water under different conditions.

Da Vinci’s fascination with fluid dynamics and vortices crossed over into his art – with the flowing motions of water and vortices being expressed in his paintings and sculptures.

The existence and behavior of bubbles in water was also of interest to Da Vinci, since he noted from close observation that bubbles rise through water in a spiral motion. In his written notes in the Codex Leicester Folio 23V (now owned by Bill Gates), he observed that the “motions of waters always move in a circle from surface to bottom.”

Da Vinci spent many years in his makeshift laboratory and in the field observing the movements of water and air. To see the fluid dynamics of water at work, he did experiments using glass tanks so he could watch the motion of flowing water under various scenarios. During his field research, he maintained detailed notes and drawings to record his experiences and observations.

To facilitate his research, he invented a water gate that utilized the pressure of water to create a tight seal. Unforseen by DaVinci at the time – his experiments and detailed technical drawings of this water gate would survive through time and eventually be used in designing the lock gate system of the Panama Canal.

At times, Da Vinci’s mind would ponder the many realms of water as his observations often triggered writing ideas. As a habit, he would jot down or sketch these thoughts along the margins of his papers while working on other subjects. One such series of notes in the upper right hand corner of one of his papers provides us with his outline for a proposed treatise on water. It was divided into fifteen books, with each book dealing with a different aspect of water:

1. Of Water in Itself

2. Of the Sea

3. Of the Veins

4. Of Rivers

5. Of the Nature of Bottoms

6. Of Objects

7. Of Various Kinds of Gravel

8. Of the Surface of Water

9. Of Things Moving in It

10. Of River Repairs

11. Of Conduits

12. Of Canals

13. Of Machines Turned by Water

14. Of Raising Water

15. Of Things Worn Away by Water

Given the numerous other activities Leonardo was involved in, he never found the time to complete this series of water books. His writings, especially the Codex Leicester, contain many references and brief notes to be included in these books. An example of this can be found in his notes dealing with precipitation: “Write how clouds are formed and how they dissolve, and what it is that causes vapour to rise from the water of the earth into the air, and the cause of mists and of the air becoming thickened, and why it appears more blue or less blue at one time than another. Write in the same way of the regions of the air and the cause of snow and hail, and how water contracts and becomes hard in the form of ice, and of the new shapes that the snow forms in the air.”

Another of Da Vinci’s field observations explored the physical expression of the vortex principle on a grand scale. His written observations about a water spout he saw along the seashore were recorded on a page entitled “Of wind twists and eddies involving water.” As expressed in Da Vinci’s inimitable words:

It often happens that, when one wind meets another at an obtuse angle, these two winds circle around together and twine themselves into the shape of a huge column, and becoming thus condensed, the air acquires weight. I once saw such winds, raging around together, produce a hollow in the sand of the seashore as deep as the height of a man, removing from it stones of considerable size, and carrying sand and seaweed though the air for the space of a mile and dropping them in the water, whirling them around and transforming them into a dense column, which formed dark thick clouds as its upper extremity.

Many people will probably never see such a waterspout land on shore in their lifetime, but thanks to Da Vinci and his detailed notes from long ago, we have the opportunity to appreciate the feeling of such an experience.



Buying the Right Fishing Boat

Everyone gets the urge every couple of years to either to buy their first boat, or to trade the one they already own. That desire normally over takes us right in line with the spring boat show going down at the convention center, and typically it’s hard to resist. Feels like every year boat manufacturers add a little something new and unexpected that didn’t come with the current model we are so proud of.

If your idea of a stout fishing boat involves a large assortment of tackle, huge game fish and miles of open water. Then you want a vessel capable of handling any fishing conditions. These ships include basic center consoles and cuddy cabins with single or twin outboards. Or maybe you’re ready for a convertible or   blue   water  fishing cruiser with fancy salons, plush quarters and powerful diesel inboards.

Are you ready for a new boat? Going for the right fishing boat can be a nightmare and also, if done properly, a lot of fun. If this is your first boat buying experience, beware, it can be an intimidating venture to say the least.

Before you start shopping, it’s important to consider what type of fishing you will be doing with your boat the most. A fishing boat should serve two basic purposes – catching fish and having fun. Think about where you will be spending the majority of your time. In the ocean or in other bodies of water such as lakes and shallow back water estuaries? This distinction is very important, as there are very different styles of fishing boats available of each purpose.

If your goal is to use your boat for ocean cruising and weekend stays, buy one that has a v-hull. V-hulls are designed for rough waters, slicing through waves, and providing stability for anglers and passengers while fishing or cruising.

When buying a flats fishing boat, make sure the purchase includes a warranty. Then study the warranty. All warranties are the same. Most people find that purchasing through a dealer is the more convenient decision. Most dealers provide repair services as well as advice on the proper maintenance and servicing.

Here is an important tip when buying a fishing boat. Check the boats NMMA certification. The National Marine Manufacturers Association has developed certification programs to help manufacturers comply with established manufacturing standards and safety regulations these standards help inform buyers that the boat they are purchasing is safe. NMMA will guarantee that the certification they give to every boat passes the agency’s certification criteria.

Purchasing a boat is a big decision. Whether new or used, take your time. Look around and get the best deal that you can. Learn how to spot the best details and verify that your boat is worth every penny. If you take the extra steps, you will find a boat that you can catch more fishing in, have more fun and truly be proud of it.



How to Use Pond Dye

Ponds are very important to homeowners and hobbyist. The natural beauty and unexplainable feel of these water features make individuals become much closer to nature. The sight of koi fish that teeters vigorously into the water gives God sent happiness.

However, the beauty of ponds is often ruined by algae and other unnecessary predators that lurk in the pond. Algae are very hard to combat once they grow excessively and invade the water. Many reckless and new pond owners would resort to using herbicides and algaecides to kill algae easily, completely unaware that those products will kill their precious pond. Copper Sulfate, Diquat, Endothall and Floridone are common chemical treatment products used to control algae.

Remember that there’s no overnight cure for algae. If you want to kill algae, you should prevent the factors that trigger their growth. One of the reasons for excess algae growth is too much sunlight; this is why summer is the favourite season of algae. This problem requires natural pond algae treatment through the use of pond dye.

Pond dye is the best and natural alternative to chemicals and algaecides. Like its neighbours, algae need sunlight to grow and nutrients to flourish. Algae grow when it absorbs too much sunlight at the bottom of the pond or called the “photic zone.” By adding pond dye, it lessens the amount of sunlight that could generate algae growth at the bottom. This acts as shade so the sunlight will not be able to penetrate through the bottom where algae are preparing for attack. However, dye will not affect emergent plants such as cattails and other floating plants. This doesn’t work aggressively on shallow, but proven effective when used for the pond’s bottom.

The effectiveness of pond dye varies on the period of usage, water shed, dosage and maintenance. The best time to apply pond dye is before spring to prepare immediately before the water warms up. You should be careful when changing water because it could contaminate your pond. You can achieve the right color easily because most of these dyes react on the dosage or water volume, which is usually a four acre foot per gallon or concentrated quart. Typically it is good for one acre pond with average depth of four feet. Maintaining the shade throughout the season will tame those algae. If you notice the color is fading, then add more dye into the water.

Simply pour the dye around the edge of the pond and the running water will naturally dissolve the particles within 24 hours. Don’t worry because it wont discolour your favourite kois and plants. There are different shades to choose from: blue, black, blue and black combination, and blue/yellow combination. The dark blue dye looks more natural compared to other shades. You can buy the pond dye from your favourite garden centre or pet stores. However, be careful with your aging pond because it need more maintenance compared to new ones. You should add aeration system and beneficial bacteria to boost the effectiveness of pond dye.



Top 5 Most Picturesque Places to Sail

Sailing is one of the activities I really enjoy. In my travels I try to sneak in one sailing trip a year. Having sailed in many countries, I have come up with my top five favorite sailing adventures. I’ve sailed on many different vessels and found my favorite to be tall ship sailing.

Here are my top favorite sailing adventures.

1. WhitSundays, Australia – I sailed on The Solway Lass which is two-masted schooner. This beautiful wooden ship can hold up to 32 guests. One of the great things about this sail is the ship is small enough to sail between the islands and into coves. There are 74 islands to sail around in the Great Barrier Reef. This includes Hook Island and the stunning views of Whitehaven Beach.

2. Destin, Florida – This tall ship I took a day sail on is Nathaniel Bowditch. This ship holds 22 passengers. Destin is known for its white sand beaches and emerald green waters. It’s very common to see schools of dolphins racing the boat and doing flips. Other sea creatures can also be seen such as sea turtles and fish.

3. Broome, Australia – this was a different experience since I was sailing for the first time on a pearl luger name Willie. The contrast in colors from the rough red terrain against the bright blue inviting water, a relief from the hot desert heat. It was amazing to see whales come right up next to the boat. We also had a lot of fun hanging on to the boomnet as the boat sailed along.

4. Phi Phi Ley, Thailand – There are 6 Phi Phi Islands. This was the first time I sailed on a junk. This island was made famous by the movie The Beach, starring Leonardo DiCaprio. I saw the movie, but this cove was more spectacular in person. The water is a stunning blue fading into green and then white, breathtaking. The rock formations are incredible. One of the islands is called Money Beach inhabited by wild monkeys. They do put on a show and are very entertaining.

5. Fiji – I sailed on Captain Cooks Small ship cruise. There are so many islands to explore even the one Tom Hanks made famous in the movie Castaway. In my opinion, the island was the best part of the movie and definitely an incentive to visit. The stunning blue water against the mountain islands are magical.

If sailing is something you enjoy, check out some of my favorite spots. As they say, a picture is worth a 1,000 words. Use your favorite search engine and see the photos of these gorgeous locations. Happy sailing!



Aquamarine Treasures Wealth and Happiness

“When you love a man, he becomes more than a body. His physical limbs expand, and his outline recedes, vanishes. He is rich and sweet and right. He is part of the world, the atmosphere, the blue sky and the blue water.” Gwendolyn Brooks quotes

Aquamarine is a precious gemstone, categorized in mineral group, beryl, along with sapphires. It is a pretty fascinating stone. All credits go to its color, the mesmerizing, emotions-arousing, blue shade of nature’s envelope, i.e., sky, provided to us.

Distinct in appearance, aquamarines are fascinating kind of rocks, which are softer and soothing to senses. Its shade resembles color of seas which are so calm and serene to look at. No wonder this is one of the most extensively shopped and worn at all occasions.

This fine stone derives its name from the Latin ‘aqua’ denoting ‘sea’ and ‘mare’ signifying ‘water’. Because of their unique captivating color, aquamarines have been symbolizing water as an element. Whereas, Greeks believed, that aquamarine amulets adorned, would save them from the wrath of sea god, Poseidon.

May be that’s why mermaids got a special place in Poseidon’s heart, as mythologies say that, aquamarines were first found in mermaids’ treasure chests and then somehow passed on to humans.

Other facts include that aquamarine eyeglasses helped Germans to prevent shortsightedness. These petty-sized yet charming gems bring out feelings of cheerfulness along with hopefulness, amity, and harmony. Anybody possessing this pretty gemstone is believed to possess a source of happiness and wealth.

Factually, its hardness lies between 7.5-8 Mohs, making it relatively hard, as compared to other softer ones like tourmaline or quartz. Therefore, it helps while removing inclusions, if any.

Sawing is the process termed to remove inclusions, where, a diamond cutter comes in handy. Its hardness contributes towards giving it various desired cuts and shapes also.

The color decides its value. There are shades like sky blue and teal which demand more cost and add value to the price. There are aquamarines which, with a particular tantalizing, bluish shade, cut in a desired cut, with more reflective facets, sparkle more resembling a diamond. It is preferred more over a bigger price tag.

Talking about inclusions, aquamarines are wiser than other gemstones. This stone has a good clarity as compared to other precious gemstones and few inclusions. This is an ‘eye clean’ stone to the extent of transparency.

Bring home this alluring little transparent and spotless piece of gem in the form of rings, earrings, or pendants, which will add to your joy and wealth. You may never know you might attract the blessings of God by bringing aquamarine as a jewel stone which is a unique and amazing one of its kind.



How Deep Can You Dive Without Oxygen?

There is more to diving to deep depths than just being able to hold your breath. You need to be able to equalize your ears even before you get below 2 meters underwater, and this takes a certain skill. Learning to kick in a way that uses the least amount of energy too will make a massive difference to how long you can hold your breath, and ultimately how deep you can go. Diving to deep depths can be dangerous, which is why you do it in pairs and always have one person watching from the surface.

The average person who has never done diving before can usually reach around the 5 meter mark, but that’s about it. Spear fishing requires you to sit at a certain depth for a little while, until you see a fish. Of course, if there is fish around you can dive down a bit and shoot them, but more often than not you will have to wait in hiding! With a bit of practice most people can get down to about 12 meters and stay there for a little while, but it takes a lot of training and practice to get further than that.

The professionals in this sport can reach about 35 meters on a single breath hold, but that is only after years of training. Learning the right breathing, relaxing and diving techniques all combine into the ability to dive into very deep water. For most spearfishing you can get away with only being able to dive 10 meters underwater, which is good news! Just remember never to push yourself too hard. I usually go by the rule that as soon as your muscles start feeling weak underwater (you will know the feeling after being underwater for some time) then you need to get up very quickly! If you don’t, you risk passing out and ultimately dying because you can’t breathe underwater!



Natural Water Parks of Texas

Families love the fun and excitement of water parks but what could be better than enjoying a family day out on your cheap package holidays to America at a natural water park in the state of Texas. Get away from the concrete pools and waterslides and relax under the beautiful summer sunshine at a natural swimming hole set in beautiful surroundings.

Garner State Park

The ever popular Garner State Park is located on Frio River in Concan Texas. The park covers an area of 1400 acres which includes 10 acres of river body along with Frio River. Enjoy a choice of water sports here which include swimming, snorkelling, paddling, tubing and fishing. Apart from water sports the park offers plenty of non-water related activities including hiking, bird watching and nature watching. Visitors to the park can stay overnight in a rented cabin or pitch a tent at one of the camping sites.

Colorado Bend State Park

The Colorado Bend State Park was opened to the public in 1987 and covers more than 328 acres of beautiful countryside in the Hill Country region of Texas.

Located in the wilderness is old fishing camp. The journey to the camp in Colorado Bend State Park is an adventure in itself. To reach the camp you will drive for 8 miles along a gravel road which passes through some amazing landscape. From January through to April you can fish here, hopefully catching some white bass. If fishing is not for you then take a guided tour to Gorman Falls where the Gorman Creek falls 60 feet into an area of lush green vegetation before it once again flows back into the river. Or you can take the famous Spicewood Springs hiking trail, passing through the vibrant park and crossing many creeks along the way.

The Gorman Creek trail is divided into two parts; one is only open for guided tours. Fed by Gorman Spring and other smaller springs, the Gorman Creek descends 65 feet to form the Gorman Falls. The guided tour is a 1.5 mile round trip that takes you to the beautiful Gorman Falls waterfall, created by a fern covered limestone travertine.

Guadalupe River State Park

Located in Comal County in the Texas Hill Country, the Guadalupe River State Park covers a 9 mile stretch of the Guadalupe River, offering visitors swimming and tubing opportunities.

Blanco State Park

Sitting right in the heart of the Texas Hill Country, the small Blanco State Park offers a series of weir dams which in turn have created some perfect swimming areas.

Mustang Island State Park

This state park has a 5 mile stretch of beach, offering visitors swimming, surfing, beachcombing, fishing, bird watching, camping and a host of other outdoor activities.

Barton Springs

Located in Kilker Park, Barton Springs was formed when the creek was dammed. The springs are a wonderful natural water swimming pool which is fed by refreshing clear spring water.

Krause Springs

Just a short distance from Austin, Krause Springs is found near the headwaters of Cypress Creek. Here you will find two large swimming holes and plenty of places to camp.

Pedernales Falls

Pedernales Falls are located just outside Johnson City in Central Texas. Shallow rapids, deeper holes and waterfalls offer a range of different swimming options.

Hamiltin Pool Preserve

Located in Hamilton Creek Austin, Hamilton Pool covers over a 200 acre area which was created when a cave below the creek collapsed and filled with water.

Lake Whitney

Located within the Lake Whitney State Park in North/Central Texas, Lake Whitney is a deep, clear impoundment on the Brazos River. The lake offers diving and snorkelling and has a cordoned off area for swimming.

Whatever you are looking for in a holiday to America, watch out for the many travel deals available throughout the internet.



Water Sports, Sun, and a Special Culture Is Key West, FL

If you want to go to a place with interesting culture, warm weather and beaches, and are really an “away from it all” place, think Key West, Florida. It’s about 150 miles from Miami, and will take approximately 3.5 hours to drive from there. That makes it much closer to Cuba which is only 90 miles distant. But it will truly seem like you’re in a different world, as there is no place in the United States like it.

Key West is a city on the island of Key West, which is about four miles by two miles. Until 1912 it was very isolated, when the Overseas Railway extension of Henry Flagler’s Florida East Coast Railway (FEC) opened. The Labor Day hurricane of 1935 destroyed the railroad, and the FEC decided not to rebuild it. The U.S. government then rebuilt the route as a highway, opening it in 1938 as an extension of U.S. Highway 1.

When you get there, provided you’re a sun-lover and like the water, this will be the place for you. Here are some of the things you can opt to do:

1. Fishing. You can get a great deep-sea fishing experience, as there are several private boats in addition to party boats to use. Flats’ fishing is also very popular in the Florida Keys. It involves no special equipment of skill-set. You don’t even need a boat. Just wade out in shallow water and cast your line, and you can catch bonefish and tarpon, as well as other fish that are normally found in shallow water. You’re not going to catch any trophy fish, but there will be decent fishing in those shallow waters. Or many people choose to use a flatbed skiff.

2. Beaches. Of course there are plentiful beaches, most of them on the south side of the island. Lifeguards are not present on the beaches, so swim at your own risk. But although you will not find some of the best beaches in Florida, as they are farther up the west coast, the calm   blue   waters  and offshore reefs make it popular for snorkeling and swimming.

3. Diving and snorkeling. The waters around Key West offer excellent diving and snorkeling experiences. There are several charters that take both snorkelers and divers, and certification courses can be scheduled in many locations.

4. Golf. Key West has an 18 hole public golf course that is set in beautiful tropical scenery. There is a driving range, pro shop, restaurant and clubhouse.

5. Cultural experience. This is what most people think sets Key West apart from other vacation places. There is a lot of history of the area, and museums to tell you about it. You can experience the city on one of the tour trains or trolleys, or cruise out to the reef to experience the island from a different perspective. Key West has always attracted artists, and there are multiple art galleries displaying local and international talent.

When you are looking for sites to see in Florida, if you are into a laid-back vacation, the keys is certainly a spot to consider. It will take you a while to drive there, but you will think your hundreds of miles from the hectic cities.



Easy Elementary Science Projects – Doing Tests With Yeast

In this easy elementary science project we are going to experiment with yeast. I wonder if you know what yeast is? Well, it is a type of fungus that lives on the skins of many fruits. A spoonful of yeast contains millions of little single-celled organisms (it is very simple organisms.) These organisms work like tiny factories to by taking sugar and making alcohol and carbon dioxide gas. This is the process that turns the mixture of grain and water into beer and the bubbles it produces are used to make bread light and fluffy. We are going to have a look at the conditions that are necessary for the yeast to grow.

This is one of our easy elementary science projects where adult supervision is vital as we are going to use hot water. Ask an adult to help you with the boiling of the water.

The purpose of this science project is to find the ideal conditions for yeast to grow in.

What you need for this experiment:

  • A kettle
  • A measuring jug
  • Water
  • 4 Small glass jars
  • Dried yeast
  • 2 Heatproof bowls
  • A teaspoon
  • Dried yeast granules
  • Clear film
  • 3 Elastic bands
  • 4 Colored stickers, green, red, blue and yellow
  • Sugar
  • Ice cubes
  • Scissors
  • Pen

How to do this easy elementary science project:

  1. Fill the kettle about half full with water.
  2. Boil the water to kill any organisms that might interfere with the working of the yeast.
  3. Now place the stickers on your glass jars.
  4. For safety’s sake also mark the stickers a (green), b (red), c (blue) and d (yellow).
  5. With a teaspoon, place a level teaspoon of yeast into each jar.
  6. Now you place the same amount of sugar in each jar.
  7. Place the jar with the yellow dot (d) away in a warm place.
  8. In the remaining jars, pour about 2/3 cup of the cooled, boiled water into each of the remaining bottles.
  9. Cut a piece of clear film for each of the remaining 3 jars that is about twice the width of the jars.
  10. Stretch one piece over the neck of each of the remaining jars and secure it with an elastic band.
  11. Place the jar with the green dot (a) in a warm place.
  12. Pace the jar with the   blue  dot (c) in one of the bowls and put some cold  water  and ice in this jar to keep it cold. If the ice starts to melt, add more ice to keep the water cold all the time.
  13. Now you place the jar with the red dot (b) in the other jar and pour some very hot water in the bowl. Ask and adult to help you with this. The water must be very hot but, not boiling as that may cause the jar to break. If the water start to cool down, add extra hot water to keep it hot all the time.
  14. Check on your jars regularly for the next 2 hours, keeping the conditions for each jar as it started.
  15. Make meticulous notes of everything that happens.
  16. Can you explain why it happens?
  17. How do you think this knowledge can be used in baking bread?

If you did this easy elementary science project correctly, the following will happen:

  1. The yeast in the jar that was kept in the hot water (red, b) lies in a cloudy layer at the bottom of the jar as the yeast was killed by the hot water.
  2. In the jar that was kept in the cold  water  ( blue , c) there is only a little froth at the top of the jar as the cold slowed down the yeast. (I wonder if you can think how this information can be of some use to a baker.)
  3. In the jar that was kept in a warm place (green, a) the yeast has fed on the sugar and water and the resulting carbon dioxide should be pushing up the clear film already.
  4. The yeast in the last jar (yellow, d) shows no sign of any activity as the dry yeast is hibernating and will only become active in the presence of water, sugar and warmth. (Not too hot, because we have already established that overheating will cause the yeast to die.)

This easy elementary project is proofs that even doing the simplest experiments can teach us all something of value. How do you think what we learned today can be of practical use to us? In fact it has been used for years in the process of baking bread, making wine and making beer.



Pond Dye Beats the Sun to the Bottom

Maintenance of ponds can be quite tedious and laborious at times. You have to make sure that you do not crowd your pond with fish and plants, you do not over feed your fish, you remove the debris in the water, etc. It’s a seldom knowledge that we also have to control the amount of sunlight that comes to our pond. You might wonder why will it be a problem. Well, too much sunlight makes your pond conducive for excessive growth of unwanted plants and algae.

Two of the most critical problem that we can encounter in pond maintenance are nuisance plants and algal bloom. Most of the people will use the traditional herbicides and algaecides to fight these problems. What they don’t know is that these chemicals can be hazardous to the ecosystem in their pond. Some of the common chemicals used are Copper Sulfate, Diquat, Endothall and Floridine. The thing is, we have another simpler way to combat these problems. We have to be introduced with the Pure Blue Pond Dye.

Blue Pond Dye is a very cheap, all natural alternative to chemicals, that can amazingly solve our problems with submerged aquatic plants and algal bloom. Like any kind of plants, these aquatic plants and algae needs sunlight and other nutrients to grow. Plants can only grow well when they have enough source of sunlight that reaches the bottom of the pond or what we call the “photic zone”. Therefore, if sunlight cannot reach the lower layers of the pond, the plants won’t be able to grow well. This is where the blue pond dye will enter the scene. We can limit the amount of sunlight that penetrates our pond by using blue pond dyes. We have to remember though that dyes are not that effective in shallow parts of your pond. Pond dyes will not actually have a direct effect on the emergent plants such as cattails or other floating leaved plants.

If you want maximize the efficacy of your blue pond dye, you have to choose wisely on what time of the year will you apply it in your pond. Also, you have to consider the dosage rates and the maintenance schedule of your pond. It’s advisable to apple the blue pond dye early in the spring so you can prevent the germination and your can also limit the early season growth of the unwanted plants and algae. Also, it’s not wise to change your   water  often, because that will only mean that you have to treat your pond again with the  blue  pond dye. Getting the right dosage will not be a problem because it’s very easy to know how much pond dye should you apply to your water. Usually, one gallon of pond dye can treat five acre feet or a one acre pond, more or less five feet deep. You just have to maintain the color throughout the season. If you notice that the color is fading, it’s a sign that you should add more dye to your pond. Just pour the dye around the brim of your pond and the natural movement of water will disperse the dye in about 24 hours. If the dye is thoroughly dispersed, it may no longer stain you and your fish.