Water Footprint: The Next Big Thing

I knew the statistics earlier. One cup of coffee requires 140 litres of water to produce- if it is grown, processed and brewed in the most efficient way. One cup of tea requires 35 litres of water to produce. But little did I know that soon, we will have all the data of water usage for all or most products. A number of diverse groups around the world are working on developing the Water Footprint, and the methodology used is just as diverse. Which one will become “the” methodology is yet to be seen.

The water footprint of a product is defined as the total amount of water that goes into its manufacturing process. Therefore to come back to the coffee example, it includes the amount of water that goes into watering the coffee plants and in cooling the roasters. The actual amount of water that we actually consume is therefore a very, very small percentage of this.

The water footprint of a country is associated very closely with its food imports and the concept of virtual water. Therefore it is important to look at not just the internal water footprint, but the external one as well. Further complicating the fact is that a large water footprint is not necessarily a bad thing. We need to examine where the water is coming from- if it is from a region that has abundant renewable water and efficient management of water, it is alright. The problem arises if the production is done in an unsustainable manner that causes pollution and damages the environment.

Then there is the   blue , green and grey  water  footprint. The  blue   water  footprint is the one most discussed so far. The green water footprint refers to the amount of rainwater that is consumed in the manufacture of a product, while the grey water footprint refers to the volume of fresh water that is required to deal with the pollutants generated in the manufacturing process. Looking at the interplay of the different colours of the water footprint, and monthly water scarcity indices, it is possible to determine whether the products are produced in water stressed regions or in regions where water is abundant.

It is expected that by mid 2012, all products in France will need to have labels with their carbon footprint. On some product categories, they would also need to include their water footprint and biodiversity impact. However, since the water footprint involves a lot more than just what happens in the processing plants, there is a need to involve the whole supply chain and indeed the producers of the raw materials in the chain. Many, especially other European countries are watching these developments carefully to see the impact that it would have on their own economies.

Even if sustainability is the ultimate aim, it may be detrimental to start out with labelling of products at this stage. It can affect poor communities that grow raw materials for exports in water stressed areas of the world. It can affect companies that are located in arid areas. It can affect countries that are dependent on food exports. There is need for the water footprint to be understood by consumers at a level where it is more than just a metric. The complexities of the water cycle and its impact on the environment cannot be melted down to one number. It is important for consumers to make choices based to knowledge of sustainability and water management. Thus, returning to the cup of coffee that I started out with earlier, it may be better to go for it if the coffee is rain-fed from the Kenyan highlands, rather than a cup of tea grown in the dry plains nearby.

Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation has taken a different direction. They have developed a life cycle analysis to examine the water usage for Swiss companies based in Columbia, with special attention to the upstream supply chain and downstream consumption of water. The objective is to find ways to reduce the water consumption of the company by increasing efficiency and process innovation. The Swiss are also contributing towards developing an ISO Standard 14064 on water footprints that can set the global standard. It is being proposed that the standard should not offer a methodology for calculating offsets, but rather address positive aspects, such as the benefits of decreasing the usage. This may go a long way in taking the mystery out of the water footprint in way that it is more palatable both to the producers and the consumers.



Spearfishing in the Blue

Most people who start spearfishing start with a small gun and some basic equipment, in the shallows. Diving around shallow reefs is a good way to become confident, shoot a few fish and learn a lot about spearfishing. When you first start your breath holding ability is usually pretty average anyway, so some training needs to occur before you can dive deep. Once you are confident in diving on shallow reefs you can move up to deeper reefs progressively, as you are comfortable. Eventually you are comfortable diving in the blue. This basically refers to diving in deep water.

Most of the time this is done off a boat when you find a school of fish. This can be done by either trawling with lures or by looking for white bait jumping around. Professional divers are able to reach over 35 meters in a single breath hold, and this allows for some huge tuna, Wahoo, mackerel and dolphin fish to be shot with ease. Spearfishing in the blue requires some very different gear than shore diving, so make sure you have it and you know how to use it!

To start off with, you need a bigger gun, thicker spear, several large floats and float lines connected together, and a shark shield is usually a good idea too! This type of spearfishing is usually the most dangerous because you are diving to deeper depths, but with some common sense you can reduce almost all of the risk to nil. If you enjoy spearing around reefs you should give deeper diving in the blue a go; it’s great fun!



Cloudy Water – Swimming Pool Blues

Cloudy water is a common problem face by many pool owners. It can be a frustrating experience to try and figure out what the cause is! Unfortunately, there isn’t just one definitive cause for cloudy water in swimming pools, but below are a few common reasons why you might be finding cloudy water.

-Poor Pool Circulation
-Ineffective Filter (Might be too small)
-Algae Starting Grow
-Unfilterable Wastes Brought In By Bathers (Make up, lotion, etc.)
-Pool Water Is Too Warm (This causes ineffective sanitization)
-Chlorine Issues
-High Calcium Concentration

The list actually is quite extensive, and this only tackles a small portion. The fix depends on what is causing the problem.

Generally, what I would start with is making sure that my pH levels are balanced. Testing the pool water every day, you want to make sure that the pH is around 7.2-7.6. Chlorine is most effective in this range.

If you’ve been able to maintain this balance consistently and there is still cloudy water, it’s time to look at the pool pump and pool filter. How big is your swimming pool and how big is its filter? The filter may be too small and in this case, you need to replace it with a larger one.

What is the horse power on your pool pump? If it’s too great, then pool circulation can actually be negatively affected.

Testing all things mechanical is a must. Make sure all components of your pool are working properly.

Sadly, swimming pool maintenance is generally more trouble than it needs to be because of poor advice given by pool experts that try and get you to purchase chemicals and services. Luckily, today we have a better option to maintain our own swimming pools.



The Havasupai: People of the Blue Green Waters

The Grand Canyon, among its many points of interest, is also home to several Native American tribes: the Havasupai, Hualapai, Southern Paiute, Navajo and Hopi. Among these five tribes, the Havasupai are the most remotely located, inhabiting the village of Supai, situated on the canyon floor, a stone’s throw from Havasu Falls. Though the location separates them from many conveniences, the Havasupai still maintain their traditional role as guardians of the falls in their ancestral homeland.

The Havasupai have lived in the Grand Canyon area for over eight hundred years. They traditionally practiced hunting and gathering, as well as cultivating some agricultural crops, including corn. In 1776, the Europeans first encountered the Havasupai; however, until the 1870s the tribe remained relatively unaffected by European settlement. The discovery of silver in Cataract Creek in 1870 changed all this as prospectors and miners hoping to strike it rich flooded the area, crowding the Havasupai out of their traditional lands.

In 1882, and executive order by President Chester A. Arthur claimed the upper part of the Grand Canyon, where the tribe had customarily made their home during colder months, as public land. The loss of their traditional lands and the increasing immigration of settlers who brought disease had a devastating effect on the Havasupai, by the turn of the century the Havasupai population had been cut in half.

Until the mid-seventies, the Havasupai lived on the remaining five hundred and eighteen acres of their homeland, while pressing their rights. In 1968, the tribe achieved a remarkable victory, successfully arguing that their land had been improperly confiscated by the Federal government, receiving a monetary award in recompense. However, the tribe continued to fight for the return of their traditional lands. In 1974, the Havasupai’s battle gained national attention, and was featured in several national publications. In the wake of the increased attention, Senate Bill 1296 was signed, giving the Havasupai a trust title for 160,000 acres and permitting their use of the remaining 90,000.

In 2008, the Havasupai were hit by a flash flood. In the wake of this disaster, Havasu Falls was closed to visitors until 2009 while the Havasupai worked with the National Parks Service to repair and restore the area. Though the flood wrought many changes to the falls, the Havasupai embraced the transformation and part of the natural cycle.

Today, tourism is the main source of revenue for the tribe. Over 12,000 people visit Supai for year. Supplies and mail are still packed in by horse and mule and the Havasupai have the distinction of being the only tribe whose indigenous members all continue to speak their native language. To prevent congestion and preserve their home in its natural state, while still sharing its beauty with curious visitors, the Havasupai limit the number of reservations for campers and overnight guests.



Anna Maria Island Florida: The Largest Hotels On Holmes Beach

Holmes Beach is the central township located on Anna Maria Island, Fla. Holmes Beach sits between the City of Anna Maria and Bradenton Beach. Holmes Beach has dozens of shops and restaurants and the island’s most frequented beach, Manatee County Beach. Although AMI forebodes the construction of any large chain resorts, Holmes Beach has more than a dozen privately owned hotels.

Here are the four largest hotel accommodations in Holmes Beach:

  • Mainsail Lodge & Beach Inn: Some Anna Maria Island guests prefer the up-scale nature of the large luxury resorts. Mainsail Lodge has that luxury resort atmosphere, even though it only has 12 rental units. The apartment-style units are located at 101 66th St. in Holmes Beach, and offer spectacular beachfront views of the Gulf of Mexico. The drawbacks are Mainsail only has two- and three-bedroom units and that the price does reflect the luxury atmosphere. Overall, Mainsail is a great option for the AMI guest willing to pay for modern comforts and stellar views.
  • Bali Hai Beach Resort: One of the largest properties on Anna Maria Island is Bali Hai Beach Resort located at 6900 Gulf Dr. in Holmes Beach. Bali Hai has 42 motel and cottage rentals. Most rooms on AMI sell out most weekends of the year, Bali Hai’s size makes it one your best bets to find a last-minute vacancy. It’s also has some beachfront units and low rates for those willing to book a room that doesn’t face the Gulf. The biggest drawback is that Bali Hai doesn’t have much of a web presence, making it hard to see what you’re getting ahead of time. However, this is a great option for travelers who want to get the most out of their money spent.
  • Blue Water Beach Club: Located just south of Bali Hai at 6306 Gulf Dr. is the Blue Water Beach Club. It has 29 hotel-style units in a two-story L-wrap around the property’s pool. Blue Water has excellent ocean views. The drawbacks are that it only offers studios, one-bedrooms and apartments (one-bedrooms with kitchens). It’s an excellent choice for AMI visitors who plan to spend all day at the beach, but still want to have a comfortable room nearby.
  • White Sands Beach Resort & Tropical Breeze Beach Club: The White Sands Beach Resort and Tropical Breeze Beach Club are located on the same block, and owned and operated by the same local family. Together, they have 21 apartment-style rental units. Both are easily accessible to the Gulf beaches, however some rooms at White Sands are located beachfront. The staff at White Sands is genuinely friendly and helpful. The drawbacks are their minimum night stays on advance reservations start at a week and their website is so busy, it’s kind of difficult to make online bookings. This is a great option for staycationers and anyone who looking for a comfortable beachfront location at a reasonable rate.

Get more information about Anna Maria Island hotels, restaurants, shops, things to do and great deals at StayAnnaMariaIsland.com.



The Prized Blue Marlin

The blue marlin is one of the largest and most stunning fish that inhabit the ocean. These beautiful creatures spend most of their lives far out in the ocean. Due to their size and their beauty these fish are commonly featured in deep-sea fishing tours and fishing adventure charters. However, because of their popularity they may be reaching endangered levels. It’s important to consider the sustainability of the species in order to not endanger the population.

Size

The species claims the title of the largest Atlantic marlin as well as being one of the biggest fish in the world. The females, which tend to be larger than the males, can reach sizes of up to 14 feet in length and can weigh close to 2,000 pounds. However, average sizes range from 11 feet in length to about 400 pounds. Even at an average size they are still quite impressive.

Physique

Due to their size and unique physique they are very recognizable. They feature a cobalt-blue color on the top and a sparkling white below. They have a very distinguished dorsal fin as well as a long, deadly, spear-like jaw. They are very fast and agile creatures and due to their upper jaw can be quite deadly as well.

Habitat

  Blue  marlins are native to the tropical  waters  of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. They prefer the surface waters as they feature a higher temperature; this is also where they feed on mackerel and tuna. They occasionally will dive deep and eat squid. They are known as  blue-water  fish as they spend most of their lives far out at sea. They are also known for their migration patterns often traveling hundreds of miles following warm ocean currents.

Fishing

They are particularly known for putting up a fight when hooked. This is why so many fishing charters exist that feature blue marlin fishing. Blue marlins are a trophy fish to catch especially among sport fishers. Although the blue marlin is not an endangered species, there is concern that they may be fished to unsustainable levels.

Endangered

Because the stunning species is a popular fish to catch in the sport fishing arena, they may be encroaching upon an endangered status. Not only are they fished often for sport, they also taste good. Their meat is considered a delicacy in many places, including Japan. It is served raw as Sashimi in Japan.



Blue Ocean Strategy

Handling competition effectively to get appreciable market share and achieve profitability has always been a great challenge to most companies. This is why I want us to examine this book entitled “Blue Ocean Strategy”. It is co-authored by Chan Kim and Renee Mauborgne. Kim is the Boston Consulting Group Bruce D. Henderson chair professor of Strategy and International Management at INSEAD; while Renee Mauborgne is the INSEAD distinguished fellow and professor of Strategy and Management.

According to Kim and Mauborgne, companies have long engaged in head-to-head competition in search of sustained and profitable growth. They add that companies have fought for competitive advantage, battled over market share and struggled for differentiation. The authors say yet in today’s overcrowded industries, competing head-on results in nothing but a “red ocean” of rivals fighting over a shrinking profit pool. Kim and Mauborgne challenge everything one may know about the requirements for strategic success and contend that while most companies compete within such red oceans, the strategy is increasingly unlikely to create profitable growth in the future.

These authors say based on a study of 150 strategic moves spanning more than a hundred and thirty industries, tomorrow’s leading companies will succeed not by battling competitors, but by creating “blue oceans” of uncontested market space ripe for growth. Kim and Mauborgne submit that such strategic moves tagged “Value innovation”, create powerful leaps in value for both a firm and its buyers, and unleash new demand. These authors assure that this text offers you a systematic approach to staying ahead of competition. They present a proven analytical framework and the tools for successfully creating and capturing blue oceans. The text highlights the six principles that every company can adopt to successfully formulate and execute blue ocean strategies.

Kim and Mauborgne say these six principles guide on how to reconstruct market boundaries, focus on the big picture, reach beyond existing demand, get the strategic right, overcome organisational hurdles and build execution into strategy. The text has three parts of nine chapters. Part one is entitled “Blue ocean strategy” and contains two chapters. Chapter one is tagged “Creating blue oceans”. According to Kim and Mauborgne here, it will always be important to swim successfully in the red ocean by out-competing rivals. They expatiate that red oceans will always matter and will always be a fact of business life. These authors say but with supply exceeding demand in more industries, competing for a share of contracting markets, while necessary, will not be sufficient to sustain high performance.

In their words, “Companies need to go beyond competing. To seize new profit and growth opportunities, they also need to create blue oceans. Unfortunately, blue oceans are largely uncharted.” These authors say although the term “Blue ocean” is new, its existence is not and it is a feature of business life, past and present. Kim and Mauborgne educate that despite the fact that economic conditions indicate the rising imperative of blue oceans, there is a general belief that the odds of success are lower when companies venture beyond existing industry space. They add that the issue now is how to succeed in blue oceans, stressing that if one lacks understanding of the opportunity-maximising and risk-minimising principles driving the creation and capturing of blue oceans, the odds will be lengthened against one’s blue ocean initiative.

Chapter two is based on the subject matter of analytical tools and frameworks. These authors say we have spent the past decade developing a set of analytical tools and frameworks in an attempt to make the formulation and execution of blue ocean strategy as systematic and actionable as competing in the red waters of known market space. Kim and Mauborgne stress that these analytics fill a central void in the field of strategy that has developed an impressive array of tools and frameworks to compete in red oceans, but has remained virtually silent on practical tools to excel in blue oceans. “Instead, executives have received calls to be brave and entrepreneurial, to learn from failure, and to seek out revolutionaries. Although thought-provoking, these are not substitutes for analytics to navigate successfully in blue waters,” disclose these authors.

Kim and Mauborgne add that in the absence of analytics, executives cannot be expected to act on the call to break out of existing competition. They stress that effective blue ocean strategy should be about risk minimisation and not risk-taking. Part two is summarily tagged “Formulating blue ocean strategy” and covers four chapters, that is, chapters three to six. Chapter three is entitled “Reconstruct market boundaries”. According to these experts here, the first principle of blue ocean strategy is to reconstruct market boundaries to break from the competition and create blue oceans. They say this principle addresses the search risk many companies struggle with. Kim and Mauborgne submit that the challenge is to successfully identify, out of the haystack of possibilities that exist, commercially-compelling blue ocean opportunities.

In chapters four to six, these authors discuss the concepts of focusing on the big picture, not the numbers; reaching beyond existing demand; and getting the strategic sequence right. Part three is generically christened “Executing blue ocean strategy” and contains three chapters. According to these authors in chapter seven entitled “Overcome key organisational hurdles”, once a company has developed a blue ocean strategy with a profitable business model, it must execute it. They add that the challenge of execution exists, of course, for any strategy.

Kim and Mauborgne assert that companies, like individuals, often have a tough time translating thought into action whether in red or blue oceans. The authors say but compared with red ocean strategy, blue ocean strategy represents a significant departure from the status quo as it hinges on a shift from convergence in value curves at lower costs. They add that this raises the execution bar. In chapters eight and nine, Kim and Mauborgne analytically X-ray the concepts of building execution into strategy and the sustainability and renewal of blue ocean strategy.

Stylistically, the text is a success. For instance, the choice of words employed in this text is very comprehensible and the well-researched concepts, brilliantly articulated. The creativity of these authors is confirmed by the highly suggestive and visually communicative cover design reinforcing the major subject matter of blue ocean strategy. Kim and Mauborgne meticulously use graphics for the purpose of visually enhancing understanding of readers. The title of the text is metaphoric and appealing. Also worthy of note is the use of paradox in the text to tax readers mentally. For instance, these authors say companies must stop competing with each other, especially that the only way to beat competition is to stop trying to beat the competition, among other things.

However, some ideas seem repetitive in the text. Probably Kim and Mauborgne deliberately employ this style to create emphasis and reinforce readers’ understanding. On the whole, the text is good for everybody and organisations that are prepared for enduring success through strategic knowledge of how to take extra steps to achieve business growth and profitability.



Algae Blooming: Murray Blue Green Algae

NSW Murray Regional Algal Coordinating Committee (MRACC) has provided all the invaluable information of the Blue-green Algae on this Blue-Green Algal Bloom Management website. MRACC is a public Service Committee which serves the public, water users and the Organisations who manage blue-gree Alage in the NSW Murray River catchment.

It was the Year 1878 when the first first Australian toxic bloom of blue-green algae was discovered in Lake Alexandria, South Australia.The reports of harmful blooms have been increased which are badly affecting the water use. In the Summer of 1991-1992, The world’s largest Algal Bloom was recorded at the Barwon-Darling River System. The range of this poisionous bloom was 1000 km as authentically reported by the Blue-Green Algae Task Force 1992.

The algae are a polyphyletic and paraphyletic group of organisms. They are defined in differing ways, but are usually considered to be the photosynthetic organisms excepting plants. Using the term ‘plants’ in its most restrictive fashion, the algae are then photosynthetic organisms excepting the sister group to the Charales (i.e. the land plants). Such a definition allows inclusion of photosynthetic prokaryotes such as the cyanobacteria. The definition applied here is that the algae is that artificial subset of the photosynthetic eukaryotes which excludes the sister group to the Charales (land plants).

Algal bloom: An algal bloom (http://www.murraybluegreenalgae.com/algalblooms.php) occurs when the numbers of algal cells increase rapidly to reach concentrations usually high enough to be visible to the naked eye. This high growth reproduction require favourable conditions such as high nutrient or light levels.

Many types of algae form blooms. Some of these blooms are harmless, but when the blooming organisms contain toxins, other harmful chemicals, or pathogens it is known as a harmful algal bloom, or HAB. HABs can cause the death of nearby fish and foul up nearby coastlines, and produce harmful conditions to marine life as well as humans.

Blue-green algae is the common name for several different types of algae. They are actually bacteria (Cyanobacteria) which are able to photosynthesise, hence the green colour. Cyanobacteria are bacteria that grow in water and are photosynthetic (use sunlight to create food and support life). Cyanobacteria live in terrestrial, fresh, brackish, or marine water. They usually are too small to be seen, but sometimes can form visible colonies. Cyanobacteria have been found among the oldest fossils on earth and are one of the largest groups of bacteria. Cyanobacteria have been linked to human and animal illnesses around the world, including North and South America, Africa, Australia, Europe, Scandinavia, and China. Cyanobacteria are the most common, but not the only, group of algae to form HABs.

Some cyanobacterial blooms can look like foam, scum, or mats on the surface of fresh water lakes and ponds. The blooms can be blue, bright green, brown, or red and may look like paint floating on the water. Some blooms may not affect the appearance of the water. As algae in a cyanobacterial bloom die, the water may smell bad.

Dangers of HABs

1. They spoil water quality when present in large numbers by producing odours or thick scums.

2. They can make drinking water smell and taste bad.

3. They can make recreational areas unpleasant.

4. Dense blooms can block sunlight killing other plants and animals.

5. When algae decompose they may use up oxygen in the water and cause fish kills.

6. Some cyanobacteria that can produce toxins that are among the most powerful natural poisons known. The toxins are poisonous to humans and may be deadly to livestock and pets.

7. CyanoHABs can make people, their pets, and other animals sick. Often, the first sign that an HAB exists is a sick dog that has been swimming in an algae-filled pond. Children are at higher risk than adults for illness from CyanoHABs because they weigh less and can get a relatively larger dose of toxin.

Safety Precautions

We can protect ourselves, our family and our pets from exposure to HABs by following the instructions as under:-

1) Don’t swim, water ski, or boat in areas where the water is discolored or where you see foam, scum, or mats of algae on the water.

2) If you do swim in water that might have a HAB, rinse off with fresh water as soon as possible.

3) Don’t let pets or livestock swim in or drink from areas where the water is discolored or where you see foam, scum, or mats of algae on the water.

4) If pets (especially dogs) swim in scummy water, rinse them off immediately-do not let them lick the algae (and toxins) off their fur.

5) Don’t irrigate lawns or golf courses with pond water that looks scummy or smells bad.

6) Report any “musty” smell or taste in your drinking water to your local water utility.

7) Respect any water-body closures announced by local public health authorities.

Prevention

The Algal bloom can be prevented in the following ways:

1) Algae need three things for optimal growth: light, nutrients and high temperatures. Therefore, By Lowering the nutrients, light and temperature available to the blue-green algae in the water supply will help reduce algal growth. The speed at which water is flowing and mixing is important in controlling light and nutrient availability to algal cells.

2) Keeping livestock away from the farm dam or water supply.

3) Avoiding run-off into water supply from fertilizers and pesticides

4) Taking some water treatment measures BEFORE a bloom starts; and if practical – changing mixing patterns or covering the dam/water supply to screen out light may help.

For more information about algae blooming visit =>http://www.murraybluegreenalgae.com/algae-blooming.php



Water Filter and Obviously You!

Water Filters have earned widespread popularity. They are the most convenient, economical, and logical solution for high quality drinking water. This water filter system offers the convenience of tap water, which is healthy to drink, great in taste, and good for cooking and beverages. All at feather touch of a button! It plays an indispensable role in safeguarding us from contaminants and water borne diseases. There are different forms of water filter available that provides clean and safe drinking water. Tap Water Filter and Refrigerator Water Filter are some of them, which are in huge demand. In this process of filtration, the water filter unit is attached to the tap and refrigerator door respectively.

Faucet Water Filter is again a popular unit among families. This unit comes with a faucet spout, which is easy to connect and works quiet efficiently. Again, the Portable Reverse Osmosis Water Filter is easy to carry, and provides clean and clear drinking water. This type of water filter is easy to hook-up to any part of the room, and one can enjoy clean water. Now travel to any corner and get pure drinking water as this unit is easy to carry along.

There are different types of water filters available in market. Some of them are Oasis Yellow   Water  Filtration Quick Change Pre-Filter, Oasis  Blue   Water  Filtration Quick Change Post Carbon Filter, Greenway Water Dispenser, and many more to name. Oasis Yellow Water Filtration Quick Change Pre-Filter 033660-001 effectively sediment by pre-filtration. It is mainly used with Oasis carbon filtration and reverse osmosis units. It is the first stage of filtration.

On the other hand, Oasis  Blue   Water  Filtration Quick Change Post Carbon Filter post filters carbon for better use in Oasis carbon filtration and reverse osmosis units. It is the final stage in reverse osmosis coolers.



Blue Safari in Mauritius

The most exciting and focus of the striking island country of Mauritius is the Blue Safari. It is largely an elite submarine that provides an under water trip of the Indian Ocean to the national and international travelers. The entire experience is blissful and divine and cherished throughout your life. In Mauritius the Blue Safari is maneuvered and controlled at a depth of 35 meters. Watch the natural beauty and the breathtaking aquatic life from within a fully air conditioned as well as relaxed submarine. The Blue Safari offers a stylish tour, keeping in mind the requests of the individuals traveling on board.

This outstanding and incomparable journeying of the Blue Marine Safari could be had by every person; there is no age limit whatsoever. The travelling around in Mauritius Blue Safari is approximately for 40 minutes. This all-inclusive tour in the middle of the bright and colorful fishes is incredible and relaxing to each and every person. With the exemption of the marine life, the remarkable and exotic corals make the voyage in the Blue Safari a cherished and an unforgettable experience.

In Mauritius the captains navigating the Blue Safari are enormously skilled in water biology and have been predominantly hired for offering a harmless trip to all the tourists traveling in this. When the submarine is taken into the deeper waters, the modification of the light leaves everybody zapped and awestruck. At the profundity of nearly20 m the reddish color converts to brown and ultimately violet once the Blue Safari reaches the deepness of 30 meter. After 30 meters, the colour of the water turns green and then blue, the actual water colour. The complete trip offers an unusual sight of the natural formation. One must go for this trip in the Blue Safari once in a lifetime. Booking of the tickets should be done beforehand.In summers the time is 8:30in the morning to 4:30 in the evening and in winters from 8:30am – 3:30pm.

Sailing in Mauritius

When the sea is calm in the country sailing in Mauritius is simply fun and the tourists enjoy every bit of it. All the best beach resorts and hotels provide you with tiny boats which you can be used for sailing. The sailing in Mauritius will make you explore quite a lot of undiscovered attractions near Mauritius. Special sailing competitions are conducted every year. Amongst the significant places for sailing will be the Grand Baie, Catamaran in Mauritius